Bandelier National Monument is a 33,677 acres (13,629 ha) National Monument, made with the intention of preserving the homes of the Ancestral Pueblo People. It is named after Adolph Bandelier, a Swiss anthropologist. He is known for his research on the local culture. The area received the designation of "National Monument" in 1916. It gets about 300,000 visitors every year, and is managed by the National Park Service, along with surrounding pueblos, other federal agencies and state agencies. About 70% of the monument 23,367 acres is a designated wilderness area. Towards the north and west borders is the Valles Caldera National Preserve.
Human civilization has been present here for more than 10,000 years. Frijoles Canyon, containing a number of ancestral pueblo homes, kivas (ceremonial structures), rock paintings and petroglyphs, is the primary attraction for tourists. Exhibits about the site's inhabitants, including Ancestral Pueblo pottery, tools and artifacts of daily life are on display at the visitor center. Also present there are two life-size dioramas that demonstrate Pueblo life in the past and its current status. The site also has abundant wildlife, a number of trails, and architecture that meshes well with the surroundings. The Bandelier CCC Historic District now encompasses these historic structures, comprising the 'Frey Lodge', including the dining room, snack bar and kitchen, the guest cabins, the gift shop, and the park visitor center.