With a total area of about 28 sq. kms, Carlsbad is located in the Eddy County. Carlsbad is situated at a height of about 3300 ft. from the ground level. The principal economic activities of the region include the production of petroleum, mining of potash and tourism.
The majority of the population of the town comprises mostly of white Americans. With the location of a number of parks and many scenic places, tourism is an important part of the local economy. The education sector is well developed with a number of schools and colleges in the vicinity. The media industry is well advanced with an established newspaper company and a number of local radio and television stations in the town. The education and the healthcare facilities are quite well developed in the town. There are a number of research and development facilities as well around the town.