Sacramentohas physicians and surgeons specializing in Gynecology and Obstetrics available. These two medical and surgical specializations, often abbreviated to OB-GYN, and taught as a single post-graduate training program, deal with studies of the female reproductive system, in both the pregnant and non-pregnant states. Subspecialities within the specialization may also be done, such as maternal-fetal medicine, reproductive endocrinology and infertility, urogynaecology and pelvic reconstructive surgery, family planning and geriatric gynecology. Many such specialists set up a clinic with individual or a group practice, along with nurses and counselors. These doctors help with medical conditions such as prenatal deliveries, managing a high-risk pregnancy, natural hormone & PMS therapy among others. It is important to choose a competent, experienced medical practitioner for gynecological issues and surgeries, especially when pregnant. Insurance services usually cover such treatment in Sacramento. Compassionate care, coupled with use of sophisticated technologies and advances in medical research is desirable to be able to provide effective treatment for the patients.