A urologist in Scottsdale is a physician who has specialized knowledge and skill regarding problems of the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs. Because of the variety of clinical problems encountered, knowledge of internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology, nephrology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, oncology, and other specialties is required of the urologist. They are trained to diagnose, treat and manage patients with urological disorders. The organs covered by urology include the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra and the male reproductive organs. Urology is classified as a surgical subspecialty. A urologist in Scottsdale with advanced qualifications in surgery may be a fellow of the American College of Surgeons (FACS).