A Riding Academy, in Smithfield, is a riding centre or is a place for training in horse riding. Riding refers to the skill of riding, driving or vaulting with horses. Riding is also used for a lot of practical purposes like transportation, recreational activities, sports ,etc. Horse riding goes back to a long date and though no one really knows when horses were first domesticated and ridden, the best assumption is that it was during 4500 BC.
In recent years, horses are trained for practical purposes like police work, and competitive sports like polo, horse racing, driving, vaulting etc. Out of these, the most popular sport remains horse racing and it also includes gambling on horses. There are different types of horse racing in practice like, thoroughbred horse riding, which is the most popular form worldwide; steeple chasing which involves racing on a track where the horses also need to jump over obstacles.
The art of getting on a horse for the first time is known as backing, mounting or simply riding. There are many techniques for introducing the young horse to a rider for driving, but the end goal of all methods is to have the horse calmly and quietly allow a rider on its back and to respond to basic commands to go forward, change gaits and speed, stop, turn and back up. This is what the riding academies do in Smithfield.