'Maxillofacial' surgery in Whitehall is surgery to correct a wide spectrum of diseases, injuries and defects in the head, neck, face, jaws, and the hard and soft tissues of the oral and maxillofacial region. It is a recognized international surgical specialty and it is one of the nine specialties of dentistry. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons in Whitehall usually have to undergo further surgical training in microvascular reconstruction, cosmetic facial surgery, craniofacial surgery, cranio-maxillofacial trauma, head and neck reconstruction, and maxillofacial regeneration. A patient in Whitehall may be referred for maxillofacial surgery if an issue in the mouth is too difficult to correct with orthodontics or basic dental procedures alone. Surgery can also help to correct cosmetic and other damages to the face, post an accident. In addition to cleaning up the physical appearance of a damaged face, the surgeon can address nerve damage and other issues which may cause pain for the patient. Long term impacts of accident damages are greatly reduced if a patient is treated immediately without delay.