The U.S. acquired the land comprising Wyoming from France in 1803. The first permanent trading post in Wyoming was built in 1834. Western Wyoming was obtained by the U.S. in the 1846 Oregon Treaty with Great Britain.
When the Wyoming territory was organized in 1869, Wyoming women became the first in the nation to obtain the right to vote. Statehood was achieved in 1890.
Wyoming has more than 2000 species of ferns, conifers and flowering plants. Prairie grasses, desert shrubs, primarily sagebrush, pine, spruce and fir are found extensively in the region. The Colorado butterfly, Ute ladies’ tresses, and desert yellowhead are now listed threatened or endangered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
The mule and white-tailed deer, pronghorn antelope, elk, moose, the jackrabbit, and raccoon are plentiful. 13 Wyoming animal species are now listed threatened or endangered, including the black-footed ferret, grizzly bear, whooping crane, razorback sucker, and Wyoming toad.
Wyoming Landscape Conservation Initiative is a long-term, science-based program to assess, monitor and enhance aquatic and terrestrial habitats at a landscape scale in Wyoming. Projects address identified needs for local wildlife, habitat and other resource issues.
The State Park Service works toward preservation of state parks, heritage areas, endangered species, and cares for special places saved by the American people so that all may experience the heritage.
Natural Resources Conservation Service addresses natural resource priorities on a landscape scale. Their conservation solutions benefit both landowners and the environment, provide wildlife habitat and improve agricultural production. Technical and financial assistance help landowners implement conservation practices that prevent, control, and trap nutrient runoff and restore and protect wetlands.
The Wyoming Master Plan objectives include increasing “green spaces” in the state to ensure that natural ecosystems can continue to perform their natural functions, and implementing “green initiatives” so that Wyoming acts as a leader of sustainable policies and environmental conservation in the country. Wyoming provides educational resources to highlight the importance of sustainability. ESC continues to work toward expansion of the recycling program; the state created an approved plant list for public landscaping areas; the UFB is developing a tree planting plan based on GIS data and tree inventory information. Wyoming is developing, maintaining, and managing parks and recreational facilities to enhance quality of life of its residents.
Apart from conservation and preservation, Wyoming is energetically working toward projects that include: green building and LEED certification; biofuel usage; carbon footprint reduction; water conservation with improved technologies; high-performance lighting, heating systems; reusing and recycling programs; green fleet program, etc.