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Homer is a city located in Kenai Peninsula Borough in the U.S. state of Alaska.The population was 5,364 according to 2005 Census Bureau estimates.
Homer is on the shore of Kachemak Bay on the southwest side of the Kenai Peninsula. Its identifying feature is the Homer Spit, a narrow 4.5 mile long gravel bar that extends into the bay, on which is located the Homer Harbor. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 22.4 square miles, of which, 10.6 square miles is land and 11.9 square miles is water. 52.83% of the total area is water.
Coal was discovered in the area in the 1890s. The Cook Inlet Coal Fields Company built a town, dock, coal mine, and a railroad at Homer. Coal mining in the area continued until World War II. Considerable coal deposits are estimated to be still present in the area.
Homer was named after Homer Pennock, a gold mining company promoter, who arrived in 1896 on the Homer Spit and built living quarters for his crew.
Homer has long been known as the "halibut fishing capital of the world" and halibut and salmon sport fishing, along with other tourism, commercial fishing, and logging are the dominant industries in the Homer area. The city also co-hosted the 2006 Arctic Winter Games.
Homer is the Southernmost town on the contiguous Alaska highway system. It is also part of the Alaska Marine Highway (the Alaskan ferry system). The regional airport lies near the coast as well, with two local air taxis and scheduled flights to Kenai and Anchorage.