Trappers and traders entered the Nevada area in the 1820s. The U.S. obtained the region in 1848 following the Mexican War. Congress made Nevada into a territory in 1861 as migrant prospectors and settlers poured in. It was rushed into statehood in 1864. The federal government played a major role in Nevada’s development. It is one of the fastest-growing U.S. states and is home to new, technological industries.
Various species of pine dominate Nevada’s woodlands. Many kinds of sagebrush, and creosote bush are found throughout the state. Wildflowers include the shooting star and white and yellow violets. Endangered species are Amargosa niterwort and steamboat buckwheat.
Native mammals include the black bear, white-tailed and mule deer, pronghorn antelope, cottontail rabbit, and river otter. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service listed 30 Nevada animal species as threatened or endangered, including the desert tortoise, six species of dace, three species of pupfish, woundfin, and three species of chub.
The Nature Conservancy of Nevada addresses the most pressing conservation threats at the largest scale. It is the leading conservation organization that is working to protect ecologically important lands and waters for nature and people. They protect habitats from grasslands to lakes and oceans. They address threats to conservation involving climate change, fresh water, oceans, and conservation lands. They pursue pragmatic solutions to conservation challenges.
The Environmental Management Program promotes Nevada’s commitment to the environment through programs directed at preventing pollution; reducing waste through reuse and recycling; purchasing environmentally preferable products and services; conserving natural and cultural resources; and integrating environmental considerations into day-to-day operations and long-term planning processes. It also works collaboratively with Federal agencies to ensure Departmental compliance with applicable environmental requirements.
The state has proposed mandated green initiative for its cities, like using more green methods of homebuilding and selling; purchasing energy efficient products and appliances; and conserving electricity, water and gas.